【外语学堂】高考英语140+(101-103)

发布时间:2018-07-11 22:51

101. Reading fiction allows me to travel across the high seas and along the Silk

Road, all from the comfort of my own armchair, to experience, though secondhand,

exciting experiences that I wouldnt necessarily be able to have in my lifetime.

句式翻译阅读小说使得我享受着坐在扶手椅上的舒适就能在深海和丝绸之

路进行旅游,这种让人兴奋的体验尽管是间接的却又是我一生所必然体验不到

的。

句式分析本句包含一个定语从句,that I wouldnt necessarily…修饰先行词

experiences

【词语点拨】1) comfort n.舒适;安逸;令人感到安慰的人或物 vt.安慰

Take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someones day a little brighter.

从你的舒适地带迈出一小步,为他人带去一点阳光吧。

A hot cup of milk on a cold night is a real comfort.

在寒冷的夜晚喝杯热牛奶真舒服。

The little boy fell down and his mother comforted him.

小男孩摔倒了,于是他的妈妈哄了哄他。

2) experience vt.体验;经历,遭受  n.U」经验;「C」经历,体验

We learn from the past, experience the present and hope for success in the future.

我们从过去中学习,体验现在,展望未来。

Having experienced earthquakes before, I wasnt frightened.

由于过去经历过地震,所以我不害怕。

If you wish to succeed, you should use persistence as your good friend, experience as your reference.

如果你希望成功,当以恒心为良友,经验为参谋。

He had many interesting experiences while traveling in Africa.

他在非洲旅行时,有许多有趣的经历。

【语法点拨】本句中that I wouldnt necessarily…修饰先行词experiencesthat作为关系代词引导定语从句指人或物,在从句中作主语、宾语或表语,具体用法参见第72句。

102. The danger of what lay ahead of them, the chances of them ever turning to find us, the fear that we might never know their fate and possible delays, at first made us feel low and discouraged.

句式翻译起初,他们将面临的危险、回来寻找我们的机会、以及害怕再也无从知晓他们的命运和可能的耽搁,都使我们情绪低落、沮丧不已。

句式分析本句包含一个介词宾语从句和一个同位语从句,what lay ahead of them作介词of 的宾语;that we might never…作the fear 的同位语。

【词语点拨】1) ahead of 在…前面

The time here is 9 hours ahead of London.

这里的时间比伦敦早9个小时。

2) discourage vt.使泄气,使沮丧  discouraged adj.泄气的,失去信心的

We discouraged you from smoking except in specific areas.

除特定的区域外,我们禁止吸烟。

The news that he had failed the exam made him discouraged. 

他考试失败的消息让他很泄气。

【语法点拨】本句中what lay ahead of them作介词of 的宾语;that we might never…作the fear 的同位语;连接代词what 引导介词宾语从句,在从句中可作主语或宾语;连词that 引导同位语从句没有词义,不作成分,不能省略。如:

After what seemed a very long time, I opened my eyes and found myself in bed.

在很长时间后,我睁开眼睛发现自己躺在床上。

There is a feeling in me that well never know what a UFO is -- not ever.

我有一种感觉,我们将永远不会知道不明飞行物是什么永远都不会。

103. A recent study showed that almost two thirds of parents believed that schools

should do more to teach pupils about financial matters, and almost half said that

their children had asked them what was going on, although a minority of parents

felt that they didnt understand it themselves well enough to explain.

句式翻译最近一份研究表明尽管少数的父母觉得他们自己也不明白来解释财政方面的事情,但几乎三分之二的父母认为学校应该更多的教学生一些关于财政方面的事情,并且将近一半的父母说他们的孩子问过他们发生什么事情了

句式分析本句包含一个宾语从句,that almost two thirds…well enough to

explain是宾语从句,作show 的宾语;在该句中that schools should do more to

teach pupils about financial mattersbelieved的宾语,that their children had asked

them what was going onsaid 的宾语,that they didnt understand it themselves

well enough to explainfelt 的宾语。

【词语点拨】a minority of 少数

Only a minority of British households dont have a car.

英国只有少数家庭没有汽车。

【语法点拨】本句中that almost two thirds…well enough to explain是宾语从句,

show的宾语;在该句中that schools should do more to teach pupils about

financial mattersbelieved 的宾语,that their children had asked them what was

going onsaid 的宾语,that they didnt understand it themselves well enough to

explainfelt 的宾语;连词that引导宾语从句没有词义,不作成分,通常可以

能省略,但是句中若有两个并列的that 从句作宾语,即使省略了第一个that,也

不可省略第二个that。如:

Do you know (that) he has joined the army?

你知道他参军了吗?

I believe (that) you have done your best and that things will improve.

我相信你已经尽了力,我也相信一切会好起来的。


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